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Commons BCEL

The Byte Code Engineering Library (Apache Commons BCEL™) is intended to give users a convenient way to analyze, create, and manipulate (binary) Java class files (those ending with .class). Classes are represented by objects which contain all the symbolic information of the given class: methods, fields and byte code instructions, in particular.

Such objects can be read from an existing file, be transformed by a program (e.g. a class loader at run-time) and written to a file again. An even more interesting application is the creation of classes from scratch at run-time. The Byte Code Engineering Library (BCEL) may be also useful if you want to learn about the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and the format of Java .class files.

BCEL contains a byte code verifier named JustIce, which usually gives you much better information about what's wrong with your code than the standard JVM message.

BCEL is already being used successfully in several projects such as compilers, optimizers, obsfuscators, code generators and analysis tools. Unfortunately there hasn't been much development going on over the past few years. Feel free to help out or you might want to have a look into the ASM project at objectweb.


The package descriptions in the JavaDoc give an overview of the available features and various project reports are provided.

The JavaDoc API documents are available online:

The svn repository can be browsed, or you can browse/contribute via GitHub.

Release Information

The latest stable release of BCEL is here, you may:

Alternatively you can pull it from the central Maven repositories:


Getting Involved

The commons developer mailing list is the main channel of communication for contributors. Please remember that the lists are shared between all commons components, so prefix your email by [bcel].

You can also visit the #apache-commons IRC channel on irc.freenode.net or peruse JIRA.

Alternatively you can go through the Needs Work tags in the TagList report.

If you'd like to offer up pull requests via GitHub rather than applying patches to JIRA, we have a GitHub mirror.