001/*
002 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
003 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
004 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
005 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
006 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
007 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
008 *
009 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
010 *
011 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
012 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
013 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
014 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
015 * limitations under the License.
016 */
017
018
019package org.apache.commons.beanutils.converters;
020
021
022import java.io.IOException;
023import java.io.StreamTokenizer;
024import java.io.StringReader;
025import java.util.ArrayList;
026import java.util.List;
027import org.apache.commons.beanutils.ConversionException;
028import org.apache.commons.beanutils.Converter;
029
030
031
032/**
033 * <p>Convenience base class for converters that translate the String
034 * representation of an array into a corresponding array of primitives
035 * object.  This class encapsulates the functionality required to parse
036 * the String into a list of String elements that can later be
037 * individually converted to the appropriate primitive type.</p>
038 *
039 * <p>The input syntax accepted by the <code>parseElements()</code> method
040 * is designed to be compatible with the syntax used to initialize arrays
041 * in a Java source program, except that only String literal values are
042 * supported.  For maximum flexibility, the surrounding '{' and '}'
043 * characters are optional, and individual elements may be separated by
044 * any combination of whitespace and comma characters.</p>
045 *
046 * @version $Id: AbstractArrayConverter.java 1454606 2013-03-08 22:30:51Z britter $
047 * @since 1.4
048 * @deprecated Replaced by the new {@link ArrayConverter} implementation
049 */
050
051@Deprecated
052public abstract class AbstractArrayConverter implements Converter {
053
054
055    // ----------------------------------------------------------- Constructors
056
057
058    /**
059     * Create a {@link Converter} that will throw a {@link ConversionException}
060     * if a conversion error occurs.
061     */
062    public AbstractArrayConverter() {
063
064        this.defaultValue = null;
065        this.useDefault = false;
066
067    }
068
069    /**
070     * Create a {@link Converter} that will return the specified default value
071     * if a conversion error occurs.
072     *
073     * @param defaultValue The default value to be returned
074     * @since 1.8.0
075     */
076    public AbstractArrayConverter(Object defaultValue) {
077
078        if (defaultValue == NO_DEFAULT) {
079            this.useDefault = false;
080        } else {
081            this.defaultValue = defaultValue;
082            this.useDefault = true;
083        }
084
085    }
086
087    // ------------------------------------------------------- Static Variables
088
089    /**
090     * This is a special reference that can be passed as the "default object"
091     * to the constructor to indicate that no default is desired. Note that
092     * the value 'null' cannot be used for this purpose, as the caller may
093     * want a null to be returned as the default.
094     * @since 1.8.0
095     */
096    public static final Object NO_DEFAULT = new Object();
097
098    // ----------------------------------------------------- Instance Variables
099
100
101    /**
102     * <p>Model object for string arrays.</p>
103     */
104    protected static String[] strings = new String[0];
105
106
107    /**
108     * The default value specified to our Constructor, if any.
109     */
110    protected Object defaultValue = null;
111
112
113    /**
114     * Should we return the default value on conversion errors?
115     */
116    protected boolean useDefault = true;
117
118
119    // --------------------------------------------------------- Public Methods
120
121
122    /**
123     * Convert the specified input object into an output object of the
124     * specified type.  This method must be implemented by a concrete
125     * subclass.
126     *
127     * @param type Data type to which this value should be converted
128     * @param value The input value to be converted
129     * @return The converted value
130     *
131     * @exception ConversionException if conversion cannot be performed
132     *  successfully
133     */
134    public abstract Object convert(Class type, Object value);
135
136
137    // ------------------------------------------------------ Protected Methods
138
139
140    /**
141     * <p>Parse an incoming String of the form similar to an array initializer
142     * in the Java language into a <code>List</code> individual Strings
143     * for each element, according to the following rules.</p>
144     * <ul>
145     * <li>The string is expected to be a comma-separated list of values.</li>
146     * <li>The string may optionally have matching '{' and '}' delimiters
147     *   around the list.</li>
148     * <li>Whitespace before and after each element is stripped.</li>
149     * <li>Elements in the list may be delimited by single or double quotes.
150     *  Within a quoted elements, the normal Java escape sequences are valid.</li>
151     * </ul>
152     *
153     * @param svalue String value to be parsed
154     * @return The parsed list of String values
155     *
156     * @exception ConversionException if the syntax of <code>svalue</code>
157     *  is not syntactically valid
158     * @exception NullPointerException if <code>svalue</code>
159     *  is <code>null</code>
160     */
161    protected List parseElements(String svalue) {
162
163        // Validate the passed argument
164        if (svalue == null) {
165            throw new NullPointerException();
166        }
167
168        // Trim any matching '{' and '}' delimiters
169        svalue = svalue.trim();
170        if (svalue.startsWith("{") && svalue.endsWith("}")) {
171            svalue = svalue.substring(1, svalue.length() - 1);
172        }
173
174        try {
175
176            // Set up a StreamTokenizer on the characters in this String
177            StreamTokenizer st =
178                new StreamTokenizer(new StringReader(svalue));
179            st.whitespaceChars(',',','); // Commas are delimiters
180            st.ordinaryChars('0', '9');  // Needed to turn off numeric flag
181            st.ordinaryChars('.', '.');
182            st.ordinaryChars('-', '-');
183            st.wordChars('0', '9');      // Needed to make part of tokens
184            st.wordChars('.', '.');
185            st.wordChars('-', '-');
186
187            // Split comma-delimited tokens into a List
188            ArrayList list = new ArrayList();
189            while (true) {
190                int ttype = st.nextToken();
191                if ((ttype == StreamTokenizer.TT_WORD) ||
192                    (ttype > 0)) {
193                    list.add(st.sval);
194                } else if (ttype == StreamTokenizer.TT_EOF) {
195                    break;
196                } else {
197                    throw new ConversionException
198                        ("Encountered token of type " + ttype);
199                }
200            }
201
202            // Return the completed list
203            return (list);
204
205        } catch (IOException e) {
206
207            throw new ConversionException(e);
208
209        }
210
211
212
213    }
214
215
216}