org.apache.commons.math3.distribution
Class BinomialDistribution

java.lang.Object
  extended by org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.AbstractIntegerDistribution
      extended by org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.BinomialDistribution
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, IntegerDistribution

public class BinomialDistribution
extends AbstractIntegerDistribution

Implementation of the binomial distribution.

Version:
$Id: BinomialDistribution.java 1416643 2012-12-03 19:37:14Z tn $
See Also:
Binomial distribution (Wikipedia), Binomial Distribution (MathWorld), Serialized Form

Field Summary
 
Fields inherited from class org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.AbstractIntegerDistribution
random, randomData
 
Constructor Summary
BinomialDistribution(int trials, double p)
          Create a binomial distribution with the given number of trials and probability of success.
BinomialDistribution(RandomGenerator rng, int trials, double p)
          Creates a binomial distribution.
 
Method Summary
 double cumulativeProbability(int x)
          For a random variable X whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns P(X <= x).
 int getNumberOfTrials()
          Access the number of trials for this distribution.
 double getNumericalMean()
          Use this method to get the numerical value of the mean of this distribution.
 double getNumericalVariance()
          Use this method to get the numerical value of the variance of this distribution.
 double getProbabilityOfSuccess()
          Access the probability of success for this distribution.
 int getSupportLowerBound()
          Access the lower bound of the support.
 int getSupportUpperBound()
          Access the upper bound of the support.
 boolean isSupportConnected()
          Use this method to get information about whether the support is connected, i.e.
 double probability(int x)
          For a random variable X whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns P(X = x).
 
Methods inherited from class org.apache.commons.math3.distribution.AbstractIntegerDistribution
cumulativeProbability, inverseCumulativeProbability, reseedRandomGenerator, sample, sample, solveInverseCumulativeProbability
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

BinomialDistribution

public BinomialDistribution(int trials,
                            double p)
Create a binomial distribution with the given number of trials and probability of success.

Parameters:
trials - Number of trials.
p - Probability of success.
Throws:
NotPositiveException - if trials < 0.
OutOfRangeException - if p < 0 or p > 1.

BinomialDistribution

public BinomialDistribution(RandomGenerator rng,
                            int trials,
                            double p)
Creates a binomial distribution.

Parameters:
rng - Random number generator.
trials - Number of trials.
p - Probability of success.
Throws:
NotPositiveException - if trials < 0.
OutOfRangeException - if p < 0 or p > 1.
Since:
3.1
Method Detail

getNumberOfTrials

public int getNumberOfTrials()
Access the number of trials for this distribution.

Returns:
the number of trials.

getProbabilityOfSuccess

public double getProbabilityOfSuccess()
Access the probability of success for this distribution.

Returns:
the probability of success.

probability

public double probability(int x)
For a random variable X whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns P(X = x). In other words, this method represents the probability mass function (PMF) for the distribution.

Parameters:
x - the point at which the PMF is evaluated
Returns:
the value of the probability mass function at x

cumulativeProbability

public double cumulativeProbability(int x)
For a random variable X whose values are distributed according to this distribution, this method returns P(X <= x). In other words, this method represents the (cumulative) distribution function (CDF) for this distribution.

Parameters:
x - the point at which the CDF is evaluated
Returns:
the probability that a random variable with this distribution takes a value less than or equal to x

getNumericalMean

public double getNumericalMean()
Use this method to get the numerical value of the mean of this distribution. For n trials and probability parameter p, the mean is n * p.

Returns:
the mean or Double.NaN if it is not defined

getNumericalVariance

public double getNumericalVariance()
Use this method to get the numerical value of the variance of this distribution. For n trials and probability parameter p, the variance is n * p * (1 - p).

Returns:
the variance (possibly Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY or Double.NaN if it is not defined)

getSupportLowerBound

public int getSupportLowerBound()
Access the lower bound of the support. This method must return the same value as inverseCumulativeProbability(0). In other words, this method must return

inf {x in Z | P(X <= x) > 0}.

The lower bound of the support is always 0 except for the probability parameter p = 1.

Returns:
lower bound of the support (0 or the number of trials)

getSupportUpperBound

public int getSupportUpperBound()
Access the upper bound of the support. This method must return the same value as inverseCumulativeProbability(1). In other words, this method must return

inf {x in R | P(X <= x) = 1}.

The upper bound of the support is the number of trials except for the probability parameter p = 0.

Returns:
upper bound of the support (number of trials or 0)

isSupportConnected

public boolean isSupportConnected()
Use this method to get information about whether the support is connected, i.e. whether all integers between the lower and upper bound of the support are included in the support. The support of this distribution is connected.

Returns:
true


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