org.apache.commons.math3.ode.events
Interface EventHandler


public interface EventHandler

This interface represents a handler for discrete events triggered during ODE integration.

Some events can be triggered at discrete times as an ODE problem is solved. This occurs for example when the integration process should be stopped as some state is reached (G-stop facility) when the precise date is unknown a priori, or when the derivatives have discontinuities, or simply when the user wants to monitor some states boundaries crossings.

These events are defined as occurring when a g switching function sign changes.

Since events are only problem-dependent and are triggered by the independent time variable and the state vector, they can occur at virtually any time, unknown in advance. The integrators will take care to avoid sign changes inside the steps, they will reduce the step size when such an event is detected in order to put this event exactly at the end of the current step. This guarantees that step interpolation (which always has a one step scope) is relevant even in presence of discontinuities. This is independent from the stepsize control provided by integrators that monitor the local error (this event handling feature is available for all integrators, including fixed step ones).

Since:
1.2
Version:
$Id: EventHandler.java 1416643 2012-12-03 19:37:14Z tn $

Nested Class Summary
static class EventHandler.Action
          Enumerate for actions to be performed when an event occurs.
 
Method Summary
 EventHandler.Action eventOccurred(double t, double[] y, boolean increasing)
          Handle an event and choose what to do next.
 double g(double t, double[] y)
          Compute the value of the switching function.
 void init(double t0, double[] y0, double t)
          Initialize event handler at the start of an ODE integration.
 void resetState(double t, double[] y)
          Reset the state prior to continue the integration.
 

Method Detail

init

void init(double t0,
          double[] y0,
          double t)
Initialize event handler at the start of an ODE integration.

This method is called once at the start of the integration. It may be used by the event handler to initialize some internal data if needed.

Parameters:
t0 - start value of the independent time variable
y0 - array containing the start value of the state vector
t - target time for the integration

g

double g(double t,
         double[] y)
Compute the value of the switching function.

The discrete events are generated when the sign of this switching function changes. The integrator will take care to change the stepsize in such a way these events occur exactly at step boundaries. The switching function must be continuous in its roots neighborhood (but not necessarily smooth), as the integrator will need to find its roots to locate precisely the events.

Parameters:
t - current value of the independent time variable
y - array containing the current value of the state vector
Returns:
value of the g switching function

eventOccurred

EventHandler.Action eventOccurred(double t,
                                  double[] y,
                                  boolean increasing)
Handle an event and choose what to do next.

This method is called when the integrator has accepted a step ending exactly on a sign change of the function, just before the step handler itself is called (see below for scheduling). It allows the user to update his internal data to acknowledge the fact the event has been handled (for example setting a flag in the differential equations to switch the derivatives computation in case of discontinuity), or to direct the integrator to either stop or continue integration, possibly with a reset state or derivatives.

The scheduling between this method and the StepHandler method handleStep(interpolator, isLast) is to call this method first and handleStep afterwards. This scheduling allows the integrator to pass true as the isLast parameter to the step handler to make it aware the step will be the last one if this method returns EventHandler.Action.STOP. As the interpolator may be used to navigate back throughout the last step (as StepNormalizer does for example), user code called by this method and user code called by step handlers may experience apparently out of order values of the independent time variable. As an example, if the same user object implements both this EventHandler interface and the FixedStepHandler interface, a forward integration may call its eventOccurred method with t = 10 first and call its handleStep method with t = 9 afterwards. Such out of order calls are limited to the size of the integration step for variable step handlers and to the size of the fixed step for fixed step handlers.

Parameters:
t - current value of the independent time variable
y - array containing the current value of the state vector
increasing - if true, the value of the switching function increases when times increases around event (note that increase is measured with respect to physical time, not with respect to integration which may go backward in time)
Returns:
indication of what the integrator should do next, this value must be one of EventHandler.Action.STOP, EventHandler.Action.RESET_STATE, EventHandler.Action.RESET_DERIVATIVES or EventHandler.Action.CONTINUE

resetState

void resetState(double t,
                double[] y)
Reset the state prior to continue the integration.

This method is called after the step handler has returned and before the next step is started, but only when eventOccurred(double, double[], boolean) has itself returned the EventHandler.Action.RESET_STATE indicator. It allows the user to reset the state vector for the next step, without perturbing the step handler of the finishing step. If the eventOccurred(double, double[], boolean) never returns the EventHandler.Action.RESET_STATE indicator, this function will never be called, and it is safe to leave its body empty.

Parameters:
t - current value of the independent time variable
y - array containing the current value of the state vector the new state should be put in the same array


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