org.apache.commons.math3.random
Class MersenneTwister

java.lang.Object
  extended by org.apache.commons.math3.random.BitsStreamGenerator
      extended by org.apache.commons.math3.random.MersenneTwister
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, RandomGenerator

public class MersenneTwister
extends BitsStreamGenerator
implements Serializable

This class implements a powerful pseudo-random number generator developed by Makoto Matsumoto and Takuji Nishimura during 1996-1997.

This generator features an extremely long period (219937-1) and 623-dimensional equidistribution up to 32 bits accuracy. The home page for this generator is located at http://www.math.sci.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/~m-mat/MT/emt.html.

This generator is described in a paper by Makoto Matsumoto and Takuji Nishimura in 1998: Mersenne Twister: A 623-Dimensionally Equidistributed Uniform Pseudo-Random Number Generator, ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation, Vol. 8, No. 1, January 1998, pp 3--30

This class is mainly a Java port of the 2002-01-26 version of the generator written in C by Makoto Matsumoto and Takuji Nishimura. Here is their original copyright:

Copyright (C) 1997 - 2002, Makoto Matsumoto and Takuji Nishimura, All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
  3. The names of its contributors may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

Since:
2.0
Version:
$Id: MersenneTwister.java 1416643 2012-12-03 19:37:14Z tn $
See Also:
Serialized Form

Constructor Summary
MersenneTwister()
          Creates a new random number generator.
MersenneTwister(int seed)
          Creates a new random number generator using a single int seed.
MersenneTwister(int[] seed)
          Creates a new random number generator using an int array seed.
MersenneTwister(long seed)
          Creates a new random number generator using a single long seed.
 
Method Summary
protected  int next(int bits)
          Generate next pseudorandom number.
 void setSeed(int seed)
          Reinitialize the generator as if just built with the given int seed.
 void setSeed(int[] seed)
          Reinitialize the generator as if just built with the given int array seed.
 void setSeed(long seed)
          Reinitialize the generator as if just built with the given long seed.
 
Methods inherited from class org.apache.commons.math3.random.BitsStreamGenerator
clear, nextBoolean, nextBytes, nextDouble, nextFloat, nextGaussian, nextInt, nextInt, nextLong, nextLong
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

MersenneTwister

public MersenneTwister()
Creates a new random number generator.

The instance is initialized using the current time plus the system identity hash code of this instance as the seed.


MersenneTwister

public MersenneTwister(int seed)
Creates a new random number generator using a single int seed.

Parameters:
seed - the initial seed (32 bits integer)

MersenneTwister

public MersenneTwister(int[] seed)
Creates a new random number generator using an int array seed.

Parameters:
seed - the initial seed (32 bits integers array), if null the seed of the generator will be related to the current time

MersenneTwister

public MersenneTwister(long seed)
Creates a new random number generator using a single long seed.

Parameters:
seed - the initial seed (64 bits integer)
Method Detail

setSeed

public void setSeed(int seed)
Reinitialize the generator as if just built with the given int seed.

The state of the generator is exactly the same as a new generator built with the same seed.

Specified by:
setSeed in interface RandomGenerator
Specified by:
setSeed in class BitsStreamGenerator
Parameters:
seed - the initial seed (32 bits integer)

setSeed

public void setSeed(int[] seed)
Reinitialize the generator as if just built with the given int array seed.

The state of the generator is exactly the same as a new generator built with the same seed.

Specified by:
setSeed in interface RandomGenerator
Specified by:
setSeed in class BitsStreamGenerator
Parameters:
seed - the initial seed (32 bits integers array), if null the seed of the generator will be the current system time plus the system identity hash code of this instance

setSeed

public void setSeed(long seed)
Reinitialize the generator as if just built with the given long seed.

The state of the generator is exactly the same as a new generator built with the same seed.

Specified by:
setSeed in interface RandomGenerator
Specified by:
setSeed in class BitsStreamGenerator
Parameters:
seed - the initial seed (64 bits integer)

next

protected int next(int bits)
Generate next pseudorandom number.

This method is the core generation algorithm. It is used by all the public generation methods for the various primitive types BitsStreamGenerator.nextBoolean(), BitsStreamGenerator.nextBytes(byte[]), BitsStreamGenerator.nextDouble(), BitsStreamGenerator.nextFloat(), BitsStreamGenerator.nextGaussian(), BitsStreamGenerator.nextInt(), next(int) and BitsStreamGenerator.nextLong().

Specified by:
next in class BitsStreamGenerator
Parameters:
bits - number of random bits to produce
Returns:
random bits generated


Copyright © 2003-2013 The Apache Software Foundation. All Rights Reserved.