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1   /*
2    * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
3    * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
4    * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
5    * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
6    * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
7    * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
8    *
9    *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
10   *
11   * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
12   * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
13   * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
14   * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
15   * limitations under the License.
16   */
17  
18  package org.apache.commons.net.echo;
19  
20  import java.io.IOException;
21  import java.net.DatagramPacket;
22  import java.net.InetAddress;
23  
24  import org.apache.commons.net.discard.DiscardUDPClient;
25  
26  /***
27   * The EchoUDPClient class is a UDP implementation of a client for the
28   * Echo protocol described in RFC 862.  To use the class,
29   * just open a local UDP port
30   * with {@link org.apache.commons.net.DatagramSocketClient#open  open }
31   * and call {@link #send  send } to send datagrams to the server,
32   * then call {@link #receive  receive } to receive echoes.
33   * After you're done echoing data, call
34   * {@link org.apache.commons.net.DatagramSocketClient#close  close() }
35   * to clean up properly.
36   *
37   * @see EchoTCPClient
38   * @see DiscardUDPClient
39   ***/
40  
41  public final class EchoUDPClient extends DiscardUDPClient
42  {
43      /*** The default echo port.  It is set to 7 according to RFC 862. ***/
44      public static final int DEFAULT_PORT = 7;
45  
46      private final DatagramPacket __receivePacket = new DatagramPacket(new byte[0], 0);
47  
48      /***
49       * Sends the specified data to the specified server at the default echo
50       * port.
51       *
52       * @param data  The echo data to send.
53       * @param length  The length of the data to send.  Should be less than
54       *    or equal to the length of the data byte array.
55       * @param host  The address of the server.
56       * @exception IOException If an error occurs during the datagram send
57       *     operation.
58       ***/
59      @Override
60      public void send(byte[] data, int length, InetAddress host)
61      throws IOException
62      {
63          send(data, length, host, DEFAULT_PORT);
64      }
65  
66  
67      /*** Same as <code> send(data, data.length, host) </code> ***/
68      @Override
69      public void send(byte[] data, InetAddress host) throws IOException
70      {
71          send(data, data.length, host, DEFAULT_PORT);
72      }
73  
74  
75      /***
76       * Receives echoed data and returns its length.  The data may be divided
77       * up among multiple datagrams, requiring multiple calls to receive.
78       * Also, the UDP packets will not necessarily arrive in the same order
79       * they were sent.
80       * @param  data the buffer to receive the input
81       * @param length  of the buffer
82       *
83       * @return  Length of actual data received.
84       * @exception IOException If an error occurs while receiving the data.
85       ***/
86      public int receive(byte[] data, int length) throws IOException
87      {
88          __receivePacket.setData(data);
89          __receivePacket.setLength(length);
90          _socket_.receive(__receivePacket);
91          return __receivePacket.getLength();
92      }
93  
94      /*** Same as <code> receive(data, data.length)</code>
95       * @param data the buffer to receive the input
96       * @return the number of bytes
97       * @throws IOException on error
98       ***/
99      public int receive(byte[] data) throws IOException
100     {
101         return receive(data, data.length);
102     }
103 
104 }
105