Class ReferenceMap<K,V>

Type Parameters:
K - the type of the keys in the map
V - the type of the values in the map
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Map<K,V>, Get<K,V>, IterableGet<K,V>, IterableMap<K,V>, Put<K,V>

public class ReferenceMap<K,V> extends AbstractReferenceMap<K,V> implements Serializable
A Map implementation that allows mappings to be removed by the garbage collector.

When you construct a ReferenceMap, you can specify what kind of references are used to store the map's keys and values. If non-hard references are used, then the garbage collector can remove mappings if a key or value becomes unreachable, or if the JVM's memory is running low. For information on how the different reference types behave, see Reference.

Different types of references can be specified for keys and values. The keys can be configured to be weak but the values hard, in which case this class will behave like a WeakHashMap. However, you can also specify hard keys and weak values, or any other combination. The default constructor uses hard keys and soft values, providing a memory-sensitive cache.

This map is similar to ReferenceIdentityMap. It differs in that keys and values in this class are compared using equals().

This Map implementation does not allow null elements. Attempting to add a null key or value to the map will raise a NullPointerException.

This implementation is not synchronized. You can use Collections.synchronizedMap(java.util.Map<K, V>) to provide synchronized access to a ReferenceMap. Remember that synchronization will not stop the garbage collector removing entries.

All the available iterators can be reset back to the start by casting to ResettableIterator and calling reset().

Note that ReferenceMap is not synchronized and is not thread-safe. If you wish to use this map from multiple threads concurrently, you must use appropriate synchronization. The simplest approach is to wrap this map using Collections.synchronizedMap(java.util.Map<K, V>). This class may throw exceptions when accessed by concurrent threads without synchronization.

NOTE: As from Commons Collections 3.1 this map extends AbstractReferenceMap (previously it extended AbstractMap). As a result, the implementation is now extensible and provides a MapIterator.

3.0 (previously in main package v2.1)
See Also: