Class LevenshteinDistance

All Implemented Interfaces:
EditDistance<Integer>, SimilarityScore<Integer>

public class LevenshteinDistance
extends Object
implements EditDistance<Integer>
An algorithm for measuring the difference between two character sequences.

This is the number of changes needed to change one sequence into another, where each change is a single character modification (deletion, insertion or substitution).

This code has been adapted from Apache Commons Lang 3.3.

  • Constructor Details

    • LevenshteinDistance

      public LevenshteinDistance()

      This returns the default instance that uses a version of the algorithm that does not use a threshold parameter.

      See Also:
    • LevenshteinDistance

      public LevenshteinDistance​(Integer threshold)

      If the threshold is not null, distance calculations will be limited to a maximum length. If the threshold is null, the unlimited version of the algorithm will be used.

      threshold - If this is null then distances calculations will not be limited. This may not be negative.
  • Method Details

    • apply

      public Integer apply​(CharSequence left, CharSequence right)

      Find the Levenshtein distance between two Strings.

      A higher score indicates a greater distance.

      The previous implementation of the Levenshtein distance algorithm was from

      Chas Emerick has written an implementation in Java, which avoids an OutOfMemoryError which can occur when my Java implementation is used with very large strings.
      This implementation of the Levenshtein distance algorithm is from

       distance.apply(null, *)             = IllegalArgumentException
       distance.apply(*, null)             = IllegalArgumentException
       distance.apply("","")               = 0
       distance.apply("","a")              = 1
       distance.apply("aaapppp", "")       = 7
       distance.apply("frog", "fog")       = 1
       distance.apply("fly", "ant")        = 3
       distance.apply("elephant", "hippo") = 7
       distance.apply("hippo", "elephant") = 7
       distance.apply("hippo", "zzzzzzzz") = 8
       distance.apply("hello", "hallo")    = 1
      Specified by:
      apply in interface EditDistance<Integer>
      Specified by:
      apply in interface SimilarityScore<Integer>
      left - the first string, must not be null
      right - the second string, must not be null
      result distance, or -1
      IllegalArgumentException - if either String input null
    • getDefaultInstance

      public static LevenshteinDistance getDefaultInstance()
      Gets the default instance.
      The default instance
    • getThreshold

      public Integer getThreshold()
      Gets the distance threshold.
      The distance threshold